Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation (1863) only freed those enslaved in states or “parts of states” who had seceded from the Union at that time. Thus, the only slaves who were “free” were those in rebel states who were not recognizing Lincoln’s power as Commander-in-Chief as it was. It was not until the passage of the 13th Amendment (1865) that all slaves gained the so-called constitutional right to their freedom, and that notwithstanding the drama of Juneteenth in Texas. Careful with TV claims about Lincoln as the “Great Emancipator!”
©2013 annalise fonza, Ph.D.